Skilled Workforce


Young, Skilled and Competitive Labor Force

Georgia offers young, highly motivated, multi-lingual and well-educated workforce. Majority of younger population speaks fluent English and additionally, Georgia has language skills to serve German speaking countries.

The total workforce is 1.6 mln people and 55% of the workforce is 44 years old or younger. According to ILO, labor productivity growth is forecasted at 5.8%.

Georgia has the very flexible Labor Code. All ILO core conventions are ratified by Georgia. In addition, working permits are not required in Georgia and citizens of 98 countries can stay in the country without visa during whole 1 year, this helps attract professional employees from other countries in the wider region.

Education and Skills Development

There are 62 higher educational institutions and 66 professional education centers, which ensure constant flow of high quality professionals every year. According to KPMG and Deloitte Research and Analysis, around 60% of Georgia’s youth, and more than 45% of the overall population, are fluent in English. Up to 70% of of the population speak Russian language and German is the 3rd most frequently spoken foreign language in Georgia with about 10%.

The government promotes vocational education, having aided the creation of few dozen Vocational Education Institutions throughout Georgia. These institutes provide professional courses in different types of practical subjects. To support development of talent pool, government finances most of the course’s fees. As a result, companies can enjoy the benefits of having a trained pool of potential employees.

Georgia is a host to several notable universities, including a newly opened Kutaisi International University, which at full capacity will host 40 thousand students. KIU operational model was developed in partnership with the Technical University of Munich and will offer vocational, undergraduate, graduate, and post-graduate degree programs as well as research possibilities in science and technology. KIU will join other high-profile universities such as Tbilisi State University, Tbilisi Technical University, and Ilia State University that in collaboration with San Diego State University offer ABET, ASC, WASC accredited courses in STEM fields.

Racha-Lechkhumi and Kvemo Svaneti
Samegrelo-Zemo Svaneti
Shida Kartli
Kvemo Kartli
International Airports
Domestic Airports

Labor Legislation

The Georgian labor code provides extremely flexible conditions for employment. There is no minimum wage, creating conditions where compensation for labor is based entirely on an agreement between employer and employee.

The country doesn’t have minimum wage regulations, compensation for labor depends on the agreement between employer and employee.

Officially, maternity leave could be 730 days, but only 183 days (200 days for twins and complicated labor) out of 730 days need to be paid leave. Amount and duration of paid leave is negotiated between employer and employee.

The labor code specifies a maximum duration of working time per week, which should not to exceed 40 hours. Additionally, it is possible to arrange working process in different shifts. Payment of overtime hours must be more than usual working hours, and exact payment is defined by the employment contract. The employer must ensure rest time of at least 12 hours between working periods.

There is flat rate (20%) personal income tax and Pension Contribution from companies 2% (additional 2% paid by Employee)

Georgian employees can take 24 days as paid holidays and15 days as unpaid holidays each year. Additionally, there are 15 official days off for religious holidays, national events, and New Year celebrations.

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